• Category: American History
  • Words: 1233
  • Grade: 90
American History 1800-1810

There was a lot of action going on in the United States between the time periods of 1800 through 1810. The different events that went on during this time period were the Bankruptcy law, Tripolitan War, United States military academy is establish, Louisiana Purchase, Lewis and Clarke Expedition begins, and Treaty of Fort Wayne. There was law making, purchasing, exploration, and treaties along with a lot of other things. This paper's focus is on purchasing and exploring that went on in the Americas between 1800 and 1810. Through bargaining and purchasing, the United States acquired a large quantity of land.

First, the Louisiana Purchase, which happened in 1803, was the purchase of a lot of territory that America needed. It all started when Napoleon Bonaparte wanted a French empire in the New World. He wanted the use the Mississippi Valley as a food and trade center to give supplies to the island of Hispaniola. He had to first get control of Hispaniola. The Haitian slaves were under Toussaint L'Ouverture presently had control of it. Napoleon under the control of his brother in law, Charles Leclerc, went to the island to take it back. The French lost a lot of soldiers to yellow fever. Since he was at war with Great Britain and he needed all his troops at the war and he needed money to support in Europe, so offered to sell Louisiana to the United States (Barry).

Coincidently, Thomas Jefferson, the president at this time had already sent James Monroe and Robert Livingston to Paris to negotiate the purchase. They wanted a tract of land on the lower Mississippi or, at least, a guarantee of free navigation on the river. Free navigation of the Mississippi would be granted. Surprised by the offer of the whole territory the Unite States agreed immediately. The United States would double its size just like that in which the can live. This was the United States largest gain of land at on time in the whole history of the United States (Barry).

Finally, the Louisiana was signed in Paris in April 30, 1803. They had to pay France fifteen million for the part of New Orleans and the Floridas. Eleven million two hundred fifty thousand dollars had to be paid directly, because of the assumption by the United States of French debts to American Citizens The Spanish, who had never given anybody physical possession of Louisiana to the French, did so in a ceremony at New Orleans on November 30, 1803. Then on a second ceremony in December 20, 1803 the French turned over Louisiana to the United States (Barry).

Second, there was the Lewis and Clarke exploration of the land that the United States had gained from the Louisiana Purchase and the land to the Pacific Ocean. The Expedition led by Meriwether Lexis and William Clarke started on May 14, 1804 and kept going until September 23, 1806. The Expedition started in St Louis and there were 32 soldiers and 10 civilians. They started up the Missouri River as far as South Fork, Montana. They stayed the first winter around the Mandan Indians in South Dakota. They went across the Rockies and were able to float down the Clearwater River, into the Snake River and then onto the Columbia River. Then, on November 5, 1805, they made it to the Pacific Ocean. The expedition returned back to its starting position on September 23, 1806 (Lewis).

Last in this decade was the Treaty of Fort Wayne was between the United States and The Indians tribes, which were the Delawares, Putawatimies, Miamies, and Eel River Miamies. James Madison, President of the United States, by William Henry Harrison, governor and commander-in-chief of the Indiana territory, Superintendent of Indian affairs, and commissioner plenipotentiary of the United States for treating with the said Indian tribes, and the Sachems, Head men and Warriors of the Delaware, Putawatame, Miami and Eel River tribes of Indians, have agreed and concluded upon the following treaty; which, when ratified by the said President, with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, shall be binding on said parties. The first article in the treaty said the Miami and Eel River tribes, and the Delawares and Putawatimies, as their allies agree to cede to the United States all that tract of country which shall be included between the boundary line established by the treaty of Fort Wayne, the Wabash, and a line to be drawn from the mouth of a creek called Racoon Creek, emptying into the Wabash, on the south-east side, about twelve miles below the mouth of the Vermilion river, so as to strike the boundary line established by the treaty of Grouseland, at such a distance from its commencement at the north east corner of the Vincennes tract, as will leave the tract now ceded thirty miles wide at the narrowest place. And also all that tract which shall be included between the following boundaries, beginning at Fort Recovery, thence southward along the general boundary line, established by the treaty of Greenville, to its intersection with the boundary line established by the treaty of Grouseland; thence along said line to a point from which a line drawn parallel to the first mentioned line will be twelve miles distant from the same, and along the said parallel line to its intersection with a line to be drawn from Fort Recovery, parallel to the line established by the said treaty of Grouseland (Fay).

The last article says the tribes who are parties to this treaty, being desirous to show their attachment to their brothers the Kickapoos, agree to cede to the United States the lands on the north-west side of the Wabash, from the Vincennes tract to a northward extension of the line running from the mouth of the aforesaid Raccoon creek, and fifteen miles in width from the Wabash, on condition that the United States shall allow them an annuity of four hundred dollars. However, this article is to have no effect unless the Kickapoos will agree to it.

The closing statement says in testimony whereof, the said William Henry Harrison, and the sachems and war chiefs of the before mentioned tribes, have here unto set their hands and affixed their seals, at fort Wayne, this thirtieth of September, eighteen hundred and nine (Fay). Those were the first and last articles of the treaty and as you can see, it is straightforward on its demands.

During the time of 1800-1810, the Untied States were very busy, but this paper focused on some of the things that happened. What was just told was how the United Stated gained its land. Through bargaining and purchasing, the United States acquired a large quantity of land.

Works Cited

Barry, James P, and Donald Chidsey, et. al. "Louisiana Purchase" Gatewayno

1976. Gateway, New Orleans. 5, Dec 2001. www.gatewayno.com/history/Lapurchase.html

Fay, George E., ed. "Treaties Between the Potawatomi Tribe of Indians and the United States of

America," 1789 - 1867. Greeley, Colorado, University of Northern Colorado, 1971. 12, Dec 2001.

---, "Lewis and Clarke Expedition" History Channel The Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. 2000. 12, Dec 2001. www.Historychannel.com
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