3 Difining Moments In Canadian History

  • Category: History
  • Words: 1130
  • Grade: 100
When the War ended, They were eager to go home, Find a job, Get married and start a

family. During the Baby Boom our annual birthrate soared from an estimated 300,000 in

1945 to more than 400,000 by 1952. Babies were everywhere.

Women's roles changed dramatically during this period. When Canadians soldiers returned

home from overseas, Canadian women were expected to return home. They were seen as

the natural guardians of the family. They took that job very seriously, An average 99

hours a week.


Babies became a popular topic of conversation. Child-rearing advice appeared regularly in

magazines and news papers. Play seen as an important step in a child's physical and

intellectual development. The very large number of children in Canada gave way to

radically changed ideas about education. Enrolments increased by 668,000 students

between 1951 and 1955. By 1961 increased by another 1,200,000. More and more

schools had to be built and teachers had to be hired to accommodate the mass of children

attending Canadian schools. These youngsters had attended school in 1900, Most stayed

in school for average 6 hours. Education was luxury few could afford. For Baby Boomers

education became a right high school and even university were no longer something only

the wealthy could afford to attend.


The commuter age had begin as residents might drive as much as 1 to 2 hours to and from

work. The care came to symbolize one's personal space one could go to a drive-in movie

theatre or restaurants with drive through services society became "car friendly" during the

1950's as public transit declined in most cities and towns.


Families purchased black and white sets in even -increasing. Adults and children spent

countless hours watching TV. For the first time, Entertainment, sports and even war.

Programming reflected family values of the times. American shows such as OZZIE and

HARRIET, I LOVE LUCY, MY 3 SONS.

These programs portrayed ideal white, middle class families where everyone got along.

Sex, Racism, Poverty and Violence were notably absent from television shows.

Television became a powerful advertising medium and it entrenched the age of

consumerism. Most advertising was aimed at young. Play-Doh, Frisbees and Hula Hoops

became popular with boys and girls.


Teenagers developed an attitude and culture of their own boys either wore their hair in

crew cuts or duck tails. Girls wore bobby sox sweater sets and ruby red lipstick.

This was the time when portable radios became available teen could carry the radio with

them as they walked to school or to the mall. The conservative music of the early fifties

was replaced by the sounds of "rock and roll". The voices of Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly,

Canadian Paul Anka.

Dancing to Rock and Roll was seen as unnatural or evil. Teenagers of 1950's

demonstrated the same idealism and energy as teens today. Friction between the adult and

teenagers was developed all around world.





On April 9, 1917, after months of preparation, the Canadian Corps attacked the Germans

on Vimy Ridge. The Canadians were sent to Vimy to force the Germans out and claim the

area back for France. The battle ended four days later when the Canadians captured the

ridge. There were three reasons this victory was Canada's greatest achievement during

World War I.

The battle of Vimy Ridge is one of the greatest battles in Canada's history. For the first

time in the all four Canadian divisions fought together on the same battlefield. Canadian

valour and bravery brought about a fantastic victory, not only for Canadians but for the

entire Allied force.
The goal of the battle of Vimy Ridge was to achieve the ever elusive breakthrough in the

German lines. It was at Vimy Ridge that the German's heavily fortified Hindenburg Line

made a junction with many other trenches along the front.

In the battle, it was the Canadians' task to take a portion of the ridge and two important

hills where the Germans had built strong defences.

Vimy Ridge was a formidable barrier for the Allies to breach. A natural hill and barren

slope provided little cover for attacking troops and gave a good vantage point for

fortified machine guns and artillery to fire on invaders. The Germans had built their own

fortifications consisting of three layers of trenches, barbed wire, deep tunnels into the hill,

and a light railroad to carry supplies to the front

Early in the morning of April 9, 20,000 soldiers attacked in the first wave of fighting in the

battle of Vimy Ridge. The Canadians were extremely successful and took the ridge by

afternoon
Vimy Ridge proved to be a turning point in World War I. Canadians were an important

part of this epic battle. They fought exceptionally and were awarded four Victoria Crosses for that single battle.


In the 1930s, the world suffered an economic collapse now known as the Great

Depression. Nearly every Canadian felt the effects of the Depression. However, the

hardest hit were single men and Prairie farmers. During the Great Depression, single men

suffered the greatest hardship for two reasons.

During the Great Depression, single men suffered the greatest hardship for two reasons.

First, they were not able to find jobs. Single women often found jobs cleaning homes for

the wealthy, or working for very low wages in a factory. Such work was rarely available

for men. Second, single men were not able to receive government relief payments or food

vouchers. Married unemployed men received these benefits because they had wives and

children to support.

The 1930s were even worse for young men just entering the work force. Most of them

could not find steady work because there was always someone more experienced applying

for the same job. With no money, but plenty of spare time, single men of all ages

wandered across the country looking for work.

The Depression years were also difficult times for farmers on the Prairies. Their problems

began in 1929 when other countries stopped buying Canadian wheat. Farmers, who grew

large wheat crops, had to sell their harvests at reduced prices or not sell them at all.

The situation worsened when a long drought hit southern Saskatchewan and Alberta. The

drought turned the rich topsoil into dry dust and made it impossible to grow anything

valuable. Farmers who tried to plant new seeds could not keep them in the ground

because strong winds often blew away both soil and seeds. Thus, many of them lost their

farms and homes to the banks.

Even though the depression left many with deep and lasting scars there were some fond

memories too. Friendship and community became more and more cherished as money and

materialistic wealth deteriorated. The years of desperation strengthened the will of many

and pulled communities together with a single purpose in mind... survival. The dominos

slowly started to stand once again.






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