Abortion Cannot Be Considered, Under Any Circumstances, To Be Mor

  • Category: Philosophy
  • Words: 1310
  • Grade: 74



Until 1967 abortion was illegal in most countries. The image of society and women held by promoters of the 1967 abortion act did not act to reality. The result of this act was an abortion boom, with a failing NHS and an ever-growing private sector. Which in turn allowed abortions on demand for the more well off. The lack of facilities meant that terminations occurred later than desirable, which led to the risk of depression, trauma and emphasised the ethical problems of abortion. Laws prohibiting abortion do not stop abortion, but drive them underground. Women who want abortions are sometimes desperate and will often go to an unprofessional, which can have serious medical implications and can sometimes result in death. The effect of prohibiting abortion is not so much to reduce the number of abortions but to increase the difficulties and dangers for women with unwanted pregnancies, this argument has been more influential in gaining more liberal abortion laws. The enforcement of law does not increase morality; the argument regarding law is not about ethics.
Abortion is one of the most fought over ethical issues today. The reason abortion is an ethical issue is because it concerns more than one human, there is also potential life. There are two main groups concerned with the ethical argument. Radical Pro choice who are in defence of abortion and focus upon the early stages of pregnancy and express how different an embryo is to a person and that a woman has a choice to what happens to her body.
The radical Pro-life approach is that abortion is morally wrong, the embryo is perceived as an unborn child, they rest their case on the claim that it is a person that is killed when it is aborted. To kill a human adult is murder so what is the difference with an unborn child. The law does not meet the pro-life claim that abortion is the deliberate killing of an innocent human being and is not in the same category as murder, abortion laws do not see abortion as harming another, and it is seen as a victimless crime. Pro life sees the foetus as an innocent victim of murder.
The claim that the embryo is a human being is simply a claim that it is a member of our species rather than any other, the disputed issue is whether the foetus has reached the stage that qualifies it to be human. There is no obvious line, which divides the fertilised egg from human, which is where the problem occurs. It could be seen that birth is the most visble line, this angle suits the pro life rradicals, birth is enough to make the birth line decide wheter or not a being may or may not be killedyle.
In a Catholic view abortion is murder and the fetus is the victim, the traditionally boundary was quickening which was when⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪ports viability is to the point that a baby could survive
independetly which in todays society is becoming very early in the sta⨪⨪⨪ring the end of its normal term. T⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪b, but it would be seen as infas⨪as a right not to be killed simply becau this would be morally wrong, to give one the right to life due to its location outside the womb.e it may be inconvinient for a year or so to its mother" Mrs Jill Knight MP
The Pro chohed back to a time at which the foetus could survive outside the womb, however medical technology is advancing. A baby can be born at six months and still survive which suggests two things, the foetus is a human at six months and that at six months is that foetus is not solely dependent on the mother for survival, this cannot suggest that the child has no right to live, but does suggest that it can survive with help of medicine but does not need its mother.
The birth of Louise Brown raised new ethical issues regarding the status of early life. Louise Brown was the first human to be born from an embryo outside a human body, which suggests that the embryo is not dependent on the mother, which does not give her the right to kill. However in order for Louise Brown to be born from an embryo outside the body, in order for this research into invitro fertilisation, was based upon years of experimentation on human embryos, non of which had survived, which makes this morally wrong in the eyes of Pro life. Due to the expansion of medical technology embryos can be screened for genetic abnormalities and then aborted if abnormalities are found. In the view of pro life radical this is morally wrong, as a person should not be killed due to a defect. A human life is a human life and if technology is so advanced to detect the defect, surely technology should be advanced enough to cure the defect, or enable the lifestyle of the child.

"Babies are not like bad teeth to be jerked out because they cause suffering "¦but surely as a health baby it has a right not to be killed simply because it may be inconvenient for a year or so to its mother" Mrs Jill Knight MP

In a Catholic view abortion is murder and contraception is morally wrong the foetus is the victim, the traditionally boundary was quickening which was when the mother first felt the foetus move; however this has no significance for the development of the foetus. Movement could be seen as an indication of some form of awareness or consciousness and the capacity to feel pleasure or pain are of moral significance, as, humans we have the capacity to feel these, therefor if movement indicates a form of awareness or consciousness then that would count to murder in a pro life view. The boundary that supports viability is to the point that a baby could survive independently which in today's society is becoming very early in the stages of pregnancy.
The Pro-choice radicals believe that the human embryo is an amorphous speck of proto plasma and not a human. They say that it suggests that an acorn is an acorn tree when really an acorn is purely a seed, a potential tree there for a potential life in the eye of pro-life radicals. The feminist argument that a woman pregnant through rape finds herself linked to a foetus should have the right to termination. Pro life does not see the justification of abortion, as the foetus is innocent and has a right to live, even though the woman may suffer psy⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪ ^"rn tree when really an acorn is purley a seed"Plife does not see the justificant of abortion, as the foetus is innocent and h⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪s the mothers choice and that exeption should be given to these cases. Within the law, legal rights are defined by British laws,⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪⨪ ฀䄀洀愀渀搀愀 䌀栀愀爀椀猀⸀ 䐀 The search for the morally dividing line between the new born child and the foetus has failed to give insight into any event or stage of development that can identify a right to life from those who lack such right. The Pro-life radicals are on solid ground to insist that the development from embryo to child is a gradual process, abortion is morally wrong and can not be morally justified.

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