Anorexia And Bulemia

  • Category: Psychology
  • Words: 747
  • Grade: 90
Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder involving persistent loss of appetite that endangers an individual's health. It is associated with a distorted image that may be caused by a mental disorder. This disease can be defined as self-starvation leading to the loss of body weight fifteen percent below normal. The exact cause of this disorder is not known but attitudes toward body appearance and family factors play a role in its development. This condition affects females more frequently during their teenage years. It usually starts in the mid-teens and affects one fifteen-year-old girl out of every one hundred and fifty. Anorexia may not be noticed in its early stages because it often begins with the everyday dieting that is so much a part of all teenage life. The dieting and loss of weight continues until the sufferer is well below the normal limit for her age and height. Risk factors are being Caucasian, having an upper or middle class background, and having a goal oriented family or personality. A few of the symptoms that are shown by anorexic females are excessive loss of weight, under eating, depression, absent menstruation, dry hair/hair loss, and blotchy or yellow skin. The tiny amount of calories that she is taking in may be disguised by the quantities of fruit, vegetables, and salads that she eats. She will also often exercise vigorously or take slimming pills to keep her weight low. Prevention of this disease may not always be possible. A way to avoid this is by encouraging healthy, realistic attitudes toward weight and diet may be helpful. Counseling can also be of help at times. Some other ways you can prevent this are instructing them on the harmful effects of unhealthy weight regulation, developing skills for resisting the diverse cultural influences that appear on the current obsession with thinness and dieting, and practicing sound nutrition and dietary principles.
If a friend of mine, who became excessively thin, wanted to get better and lived with her parents at home, I would tell the parents that it is their job to watch over the food that is eaten by her for awhile. This will make sure that my friend has regular meals with her family and that she gets enough calories. I would also tell them that it is important that the family sees a psychiatrist because having an anorexic person in the family can be very stressful. If that doesn't work, I would tell them that admitting her in the hospital might be the only hope.
Bulimia is an eating disorder characterized by eating binges followed by "purges". Vomiting or laxatives induce it. It is typically initiated as a weight loss measure. This condition usually affects a slightly older age group who are often in their early to mid twenties. It will affect three out of every one hundred women. People with bulimia suffer from an exaggerated fear of becoming fat. The "typical" bulimic is a white, single, college female who is close to idea body weight. The personality profile finds her feeling alienated, over dependent on the approval of others, finding difficulty in expressing anger, and low self esteem. They are often depressed and even suicidal. A few of the common signs of bulimia are recurrent episodes of binge eating, irregular weight, vomiting and/or excessive use of laxatives, starvation, fear of not being able to stop voluntarily, and depressed mood. Starvation can cause constipation, depression, muscles become weaker, and even death. Vomiting causes puffy face, which is due to the swollen lands, irregular heartbeats, kidney damage, and epileptic fits. Laxatives can cause persistent tummy pain, and swollen fingers. It can be prevented if you start establishing a positive feeding relationship with your children early in their life. You can help children understand the importance of nutrition and the appropriate way to achieve and maintain an ideal body weight. Treatment can involve psychotherapy, behavior modification, family therapy, medication, and nutrition intervention. The treatment tries to normalize the eating cycle and change the person's attitude about food, eating, and body size.
If a friend of mine suffered from bulimia, my priority would be to get my friend back to a regular eating pattern. My goal would be to maintain a steady weight for her on three meals a day without any vomiting or starvation. I would also talk to them about things in the past or present that might have a bearing on their eating disorder and other personal difficulties they are facing.
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