Anton Chekov

  • Category: Theater
  • Words: 760
  • Grade: 92
Anton Chekov

        Anton was a Russian playwright born in Taganrog, Russia in 1860. He wrote fiction plays. As well as that, he was a Dramatist, short story writer, novelist, and editor of a literary section of Russakayamyst. He also worked as a physician in his lifetime. He won many awards, and wrote several pieces of work.

        A day in 1860 in Taganrog Russia Pavel Chekov and his wife,Yevgeniya, were blessed with their third child Anton. They all ready had two older sons, Alexander and Nicolai. They were to have three more children after Anton. During his growing life, Anton grew up in a seaport, Toganrog. Anton was the son of a grocer, Pavel. Pavel was a religious zealot who terrorized Anton and his older brothers. The terrorization of his father influenced much of his work in the future. His mother on the other hand was a great storyteller, and that is where is said to be where he got his great talents for story writing. He was also the grandson of a serf. His grandfather bought the family freedom before the emancipation.

        At the tender age of 8, Anton was sent to a local grammar school where he was said to be an average student. He was reserved and undemonstrative. He was known for pranks, and humorous nicknames for the teachers. During this period of his life he played in amateur theatricals, and attended performances.

        During 1875, Pavel's business failed. This caused Pavel to move to Moscow to find work. Also, in Moscow was where his two eldest sons were attending the university. In July 1876, his mother and the two young children moved to Moscow as well, leaving Anton alone to finish school. As he was alone, he had many times to think. He thought of many ideas that soon were put into his work. "Tsvety zapozdalyie" is one short story that the story line, loss of a home, featured in. Along with thinking, and creating work, Anton also sold household goods, and tutored young schoolboys. Pavel finally found work in 1877, at a clothing warehouse. Anton later joined his family in Moscow during 1879 after finishing exams, and was under a scholarship to study medicine at Moscow University.

        Anton's first published piece came out in 1880, in the St. Petersburg Weekly. The name of the piece was Strekoza, and was a short play. He chose to write, not to support his family, but to expose his artistic expressions. Soon later, in 1882, Anton met Nicolas Leykin, who was a publisher of "Fragments". This was the finest weekly in St. Petersburg. Anton began submitting his better work to this.

        Although, these past years influenced Anton's writing, and launched his career to new extents, the years 1883 to 1885 were when his mind was set on writing. He was a natural at writing, but the lack of money, and need for money during this time pushed him to write all that he could. The some stories that stand out include; "The Death of a Government Official"(1883), "Fat and Thin" (1883), "The Daughter of Albion" (1883), "A Chameleon" (1884), "Oysters" (1884), "A Dreadful Night" (1884), "The Huntsman" (1885), "The Malefactors" (1885), "The Misfortune" (1885), and "Sergeant Prishibeyev" (1885).

        Some major themes that Anton showed were of serious issues. The issues were starvation, abandonment, and remorse. He showed these strongly in "Oysters", "The Huntsman", and "The Misfortune". When Anton changed his theme, he issued the more seriousness of his writing in the "Petersburg Gazette".

        December of 1885 was Anton's "Big Break". He was asked to write for one of the city most respected newspapers. The years of major writing, and productive writing was 1886 to 1887. In this length of time, he wrote in comic vein, and wrote over 8 different pieces. They all represented the growing and maturing that Anton was enduring.
        
        Other years that were serious years for Anton's writing were 1894 to 1898, 1895, and 1896. The date March 22 of the year 1897, Anton suffered a hemorrhage to the lungs. This would affect him for the rest of his life. This was when he decided to stop writing. His health improved gradually. Between 1897 and 1898 he began to write again. October 1899 to December of the same year was when Anton completed his final work. Anton married Olga, in May 1901.

        On July 3 of 1904 Anton awoke, choking, and delirious. He later on died with the doctor and his wife by his side. When people look at Anton, they see someone who was a master ironist.


        
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