Collective Poetry Element Paer

  • Category: English
  • Words: 1505
  • Grade: 100

Imagery:        The use of words to represent things, actions, or ideas by sensory description.

        Night after Night
        Her purple traffic
        Strews the land with Opal Bales"“
        Merchantmen"“poise upon Horizons"“
        Dim"“and vanish like Orioles!
                                        "“Emily Dickinson

        In this exert from "This Is the Land Where Sunset Washes" gives a few images to mind. When it says strews the land with opal bales, it gives me a picture of traffic just scattered all over the place, then the line vanish like orioles, finishes the image of cars all running, or flocking from a single point in all different directions.

        And the May month flaps its glad green leaves like wings
                                        "“Thomas Hardy

        In this exert from "Afterwards" I see images that show the beginning of spring and the leaves growing back onto the trees. It brings regrowth and rebirth to mind.

        He clasps the crag with crooked hands;
        Close to the sun in lonely lands,
        Ringed with the azure world, he stands,
        The wrinkled sea beneath him crawls;
        He watches from his mountain walls,
        And like a thunderbolt he falls.
                                        "“Alfred, Lord Tennyson

        In this exert form "The Eagle" gives an image of an eagle soaring up high in the air looking down on a beautiful country scene.

Simile:        A direct comparison of two unlike objects, using like or as

        The holy time is quiet as a nun
                                        "“William Wordsworth
In the poem "On the Beach at Calais" William Wordsworth is comparing the holy time with a nun, to emphasize the actual quietness.

        And Like a thunderbolt he falls
                                        "“Alfred, Lord Tennyson

        In this line from "The Eagle" Alfred, Lord Tennyson is comparing the speed at which the Eagle soars to the earth with the speed of a lightning bolt.

Metaphor:        A figure of speech that makes a direct comparison of unlike objects by identification or substitution
        All the World's a stage
                                        "“William Shakespeare

        This metaphor from "As You Like It" refers the world to a stage, it says how the entire world or even life itself is just an act.

        Death is the broom
        I take in my hands
        To sweep the world clean.
                                        "“Langston Hughes

        In this poem "War" Langston Hughes calls death the broom that keeps the world clean this is referring to death a what keeps the world peaceful and clean.

Personification:        A figure of speech in which objects and animals have human qualities

        When it comes, the landscape listens,
        Shadows hold their breath.
                                        "“Emily Dickinson

        In this exert from the poem "A certain Slant of Light" Emily Dickinson give human qualities to both the landscape and the shadows. She says how the landscape will listen, which means that it listens well and you can talk to it. She does also refer to the shadows and how they hold their breath, which is as well a human attribute given to the shadows.
        Into the jaws of Death
        Into the mouth of hell.
                                        "“Alfred, Lord Tennyson

In this exert from " The charge of the light brigade" Alfred, Lord Tennyson give Death the human attribute of jaws, saying how it is the part of the mouth of hell that kills, and then is swallowed into hell. He says how Hell has a mouth and in the war the light brigade was swallowed and cut down by the jaws of death.

Apostrophe:        An address to a person or personified object not present
        Little lamb, who made thee?
                                        "“William Blake

        In this line from "The Lamb" William Blake asks the lamb who made the, which would be a question that was asked to a personified object such as a lamb that isn't present.

        O loss of sight, of thee I most complain!
                                        "“John Milton

        John Milton in the poem "Samson Agonistes" Addresses his sight as if it were a person and "complains" to it about how he has lost it.

Metonymy:         The substitution of a word that relates to the object or person to be named, in place of the name itself.

        The serpent that did sting thy father's life.
        Now wears his crown.
                                        "“William Shakespeare

        This line from "Hamlet" shows true metonymy, it is showing how the serpent is being put in place of his father, but in actuality that serpent is his uncle.
        A spotted shaft is seen (snake).
                                        "“Emily Dickinson

        This line from Emily Dickinson's poem "A Narrow Fellow in the Grass" she is putting the snake in place of the spotted shaft which is slight metonymy.

Symbol:        The use of one subject to suggest another, hidden object or idea        

        O Rose, thou art sick!
        The invisible worm
        That flies in the night,
        In the howling storm,

        Has found out they bed        
        Of Crimson joy,
        And his dark secret love
        Does thy life destroy.
                                        -William Blake

        This poem "The Sick Rose" is a symbol for a loved ones death, and how the rose symbolizes a love one who has passed away.

        Between my finger and my thumb
The squat pen rests; snug as a gun.
Under my window, a clean rasping sound
When the spade sinks into gravelly ground:
My father, digging. I look down
Till his straining rump among the flowerbeds
Bends low, comes up twenty years away
Stooping in rhythm through potato drills
Where he was digging.
The coarse boot nestled on the lug, the shaft
Against the inside knee was levered firmly.
He rooted out tall tops, buried the bright edge deep
To scatter new potatoes that we picked,
Loving their cool hardness in our hands.
By God, the old man could handle a spade. Just like his old man.
My grandfather cut more turf in a day
Than any other man on Toner's bog.
Once I carried him milk in a bottle
Corked sloppily with paper. He straightened up
To drink it, then fell to right away
Nicking and slicing neatly, heaving sods
Over his shoulder, going down and down
For the good turf. Digging.
The cold smell of potato mould, the squelch and slap
Of soggy peat, the curt cuts of an edge
Through living roots awaken in my head.
But I've no spade to follow men like them.
Between my finger and my thumb
The squat pen rests.
I'll dig with it.
                                        "“ Seamus Heaney

        In this poem, "Digging" Seamus Heaney is symbolizes the pen as a way to get out of the whole that he has been digging.

Paradox:        A statement that appears self-contradictory, but that underlines a basis of truth.

        Elected silence, sing to me
                                        "“Gerard Manley Hopkins
        In this line of Gerard Manley Hopkins poem "The Habit of Perfection" he asks the silence to sing to him, but silence cannot sing because it is silent, but the basis of truth in this is that some times silence is the best way to respond, because it give you the most information.

        Were her years the Golden Age; that's true,
        But now she's gold oft-tried and ever-new
                                        "“John Donne

        In this selection from "The Autumnal" says how the young ages are the Golden years and as they grow older they become ever-new, which is contradictory to itself.

Irony: The contrast between actual meaning and the suggestion of another meaning

        Verbal -
                        Next to of course God, America I love you
                                                        "“E.E. Cummings

        This statement of E.E. Cummings is irony in the verbal state, because he is just saying how much he loves America, but yet saying how he loves God more.

                        I stood upon a high place,
                        And saw, below, many devils
                        Running, leaping,
                        And carousing in sin.
                        One looked up grinning,
                        And said, "Comrade! Brother!"
                                                        "“Stephen Crane

        In this poem "I Stood Upon a High Place" he shows some irony by the contrast used between the actual meaning and the suggested meaning of the phrase.

Allusion:        A reference to an outside fact, event, or other source.

        World-famous golden-thighed Pythagoras
        Fingered upon a fiddle-stick or strings
        What a star sang and careless Muses heard
                                        "“William Butler Yeats

        In the poem "Among School Children" by William Butler Yeats Allusion is used when he refers to the Pythagoras, Greek mathematicians, Muses, mythical goddesses of beauty and music.

        In Breughel's great painting, The Kermess,
        the dangers go round, they go round and around.
                                        "“William Carlos Williams

        In this poem "The Dance" by William Carlos Williams, Allusion is used when it refers to the Kermess as a reference for the great painting.

Assonance:         Repetition of two or more vowel sounds within a line.

        Burnt the fire fo thine eyes
                                        "“William Blake

        In this line from "The Tiger" it uses the repetition of the "i" sound in thine and eyes as assonance.

        And I do smile, such cordial light
                                        "“Emily Dickinson

        In this line from the poem "My Life Had Stood a Loaded Gun" has the repetition of the "i" sound in cordial and in smile.

Consonance:         Repetition of two or more consonant sounds within a line

        And all is seared with trade, bleared smeared with toil;
        And wears man's smudge and shares man's smell: the soil
                                        "“Gerard Manley Hopkins

        In this selection from "God's Grandeur" Gerard Manley Hopkins uses the repetition of the "s" in seared, smeared, smudge, shares, smell and soil in the two lines as a form of consonance.

        Love, all alike, no season knows, nor clime,
        Nor hours, days, months, which are the rags of time.
                                        "“John Donne

        In this poem "The Sun Rising" by John Donne, he uses the repetition of the "L" sound in the words Love, alike, clime to express consonance.

Alliteration:        The repetition of one or more initial sounds, usually consonants, in words within a line.

        Bright Black-eyed creature, brushed with brown
                                        "“Robert Frost

        In this line from the poem "To a Moth Seen in Winter" the initial sound of "b" is used to create alliteration.

        He clasps the crag with crooked hands
                                        "“Alfred, Lord Tennyson

        In this line from the poem "The Eagle" Alfred, Lord Tennyson uses the repetition of the initial "c" sound in the words clasps, crag and crooked to create alliteration.
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